Background: Pre-procedural TIMI coronary flow grade in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. There have been great advances in pharmacologic and invasive treatment of STEMI patients in the current era. We aimed to assess the temporal trends in clinical outcomes according to the TIMI flow grade amongst these patients. Methods: Data of patients with STEMI from the acute coronary syndrome Israeli Survey (ACSIS) registry. A time-dependent analysis stratifying patient by TIMI flow grade 0 and TIMI flow grade 1–3 was performed. Survey years were divided to early (2008–2010) and late period (2013–2018). Clinical outcomes included in-hospital complications, 30d MACE (death, myocardial infarction, stroke, unstable angina, stent thrombosis, urgent revascularization) and 1-year mortality. Results and Conclusions: Included were 2453 patients. The majority of patients had pre-procedural TIMI flow 0 (58.9% in the early period and 58.7% in the late period, P = 0.97). In-hospital complications of patients with TIMI flow 0 has significantly decreased over time (36.1% vs 26.8%, P < 0.001) but not amongst patients with TIMI flow 1–3. Compared with TIMI flow 1–3, patients with TIMI flow 0 had worse 30d MACE and 1-year mortality. There was no temporal change of these outcomes in either TIMI flow grade group. TIMI flow grade 0 is still more common among patients with STEMI and is associated with poorer prognosis. Nevertheless, over time, in-hospital complications have decreased among patients with TIMI 0, while 30d MACE and 1-year mortality has remained unchanged.
- TIMI flow grade
- Temporal trends