A close association usually exists between replication timing of a given locus and its transcriptional activity: expressed loci replicate early whereas silent ones replicate late. Accordingly, alleles that show concomitant expression replicate synchronously, while those displaying an allele-specific mode of expression show temporal differences in their replication timing, i.e., they replicate asynchronously. We aimed in our study to see whether the cancer phenotype is accompanied by a relaxation in the temporal control of allelic replication. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to determine the level of synchronization in replication timing of four pairs of homologous loci in samples of malignant cells derived from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and lymphoma and in samples from healthy individuals. Four loci, HER2 mapped to 17q11.2- q12, a locus at 21q22, TP53 mapped to 17p13.1, and MYC mapped to 8q24 were studied. In each sample we analyzed two chromosomal regions, either 17q11.2- q12 and 21q22 or 17p13.1 and 8q24. The results showed distinct differences between healthy individuals and CML/lymphoma patients: all samples derived from noncancerous subjects showed high levels of synchrony in replication timing of alleles, whereas those of cancer patients displayed a large temporal difference in replication timing, indicating early and late replicating alleles. Thus, as judged by four unrelated loci, malignancy is associated with changes in the replication pattern of homologous loci.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|State||Published - Jul 1998|