Introduction: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the surgical treatment for various adrenal diseases. The procedure is a common surgical practice for urologists and general surgeons and requires fundamental laparoscopic skills, nowadays common in the surgical education of residents in these practices. The aim of this study is to assess whether laparoscopic adrenalectomy differs in outcome between certified and trained surgeons and surgical residents and whether the learning curve changes the endpoint of the surgery. Materials and Methods: A cohort retrospective study, including all adult patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy between June 2008 and June 2014, was conducted. Patients' demographic, clinical, and surgical data were recorded and analyzed. Results: Fifty-three patients were included in the database (21 men, 32 women) with a mean age of 54 years (range 17-77). The cause for surgery was most commonly a benign adrenal tumor (27 patients, 50.9%) followed by large nonfunctioning adrenal tumors (16 patients, 30.1%), and adrenal cancer (8 patients, 15%). Eighteen patients (33.9%) were operated by residents (4-6 years into the residency) and 35 patients by a certified senior surgeon (66.1%). Left-sided adrenalectomy was preferred to right-sided adrenalectomy for resident tutoring (P = .03). Overall, intraoperative complications were seen in 6 patients (11.3%) and postoperative complications were seen in 9 patients (16.9%). There were no differences in operation time (P = .36), intraoperative complications (P = .76), postoperative complications (P = .96), and length of stay (P = .34) between the patients operated by senior residents and certified surgeons. Conclusion: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a complex surgical procedure that should be a part of the surgical training of surgery residents, as it is safe in guided hands.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A|
|State||Published - 1 Jun 2016|