Targeting high-risk older adults into exercise programs for disability prevention

Jack M. Guralnik, Suzanne Leveille, Stefano Volpato, Marcia S. Marx, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that, using objective performance measures of physical functioning, disability risk can be predicted in nondisabled older adults. This makes it possible to recruit a nondisabled but at-risk population for clinical trials of disability prevention. Successful disability prevention in this population, for example through an exercise program, would have a major public health impact. To enhance the development of exercise interventions in this group it would be valuable to have additional information not available from existing epidemiologic studies. This report examines the evidence that functional limitations preceding disability can be identified in a community-dwelling population and that it is feasible to recruit these people into studies. It introduces a series of articles examining the characteristics of this population: motivators and barriers to exercise, exercise habits and preferences, the impact of positive and negative affect, and the impact of pain and functional limitations on attitudes toward exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-228
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Clinical trials
  • Functional limitations
  • Physical performance

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