Targeted remedial education for underperforming teenagers: Costs and benefits

Victor Lavy, Analía Schlosser*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study evaluates the short-term effects of a remedial education program that provided additional instruction to underperforming high school students in Israel. The intervention prepared students for the matriculation exams. Using a comparison group of schools that enrolled in the program later and implementing a difference-in-differences estimation strategy, we found that the program raised the school mean matriculation rate by 3.3 percentage points. This gain reflects an effect on targeted participants and the absence of externalities on their untreated peers. The program was found to be less cost effective than two alternative interventions based on incentives for teachers and students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-874
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of Labor Economics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes


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