β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) is an absolute requirement for the binding of autoimmune anticardiolipin Abs (aCL) to cardiolipin (CL). We evaluated the target recognition of human β2GPI by IgG derived from two patients with primary and two with secondary antiphospholipid syndrome. The total IgG serum fractions and β2GPI affinity-purified IgGs were assessed by using various domain-deleted mutants (DM) of human β2GPI (DMs: I-III, I-IV, II-V, III-V, IV-V, and V) and mouse mAbs against individual β2GPI domains. The four IgGs bound slightly to CL in the absence of β2GPI and showed increased binding in the β2GPI presence. Following affinity purification of the IgGs on a β2GPI column, reactivity toward CL was absent. DMs containing domain V inhibited the binding of biotinylated β2GPI to CL. The addition to CL- coated plates of DM V, but not the other DMs, reduced the binding of all four IgGs. The anti-β2GPI IgGs bound only to complete β2GPI and DM I-IV coated on the plates. The binding to plate-adsorbed β2GPI could be inhibited by complete β2GPI and DM I-IV, the latter being a more efficient inhibitor. Further, the human anti-β2GPI IgGs could compete with the binding to β2GPI of Cof-21 mouse mAb (directed at domain IV), but not with the two other mouse mAbs. The results suggest that some 'autoimmune:' β2GPI- dependent anticardiolipin Abs recognize a β2GPI target that is distinct from the CL-binding site in domain V. The target site for some antiphospholipid syndrome IgGs appear to reside in domain IV of β2GPI.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 15 Apr 1998|