T-Cell Monoclonality in the Blood and the Skin Correlates With Poor Response to Treatment in Mycosis Fungoides

Shamir Geller*, Shira F. Tel-Dan, Irit Solar, Eli Sprecher, Ilan Goldberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: The prognostic value of skin and blood T-cell receptor clonality in mycosis fungoides is a matter of debate. Our aim was to ascertain the relation between the presence of a monoclonal T-cell population in the blood and in the skin with response to treatment in patients with mycosis fungoides. Patients and Methods: Clinical features and follow-up data were retrospectively collected and analyzed in 94 patients with mycosis fungoides seen at a cutaneous lymphoma clinic in a single tertiary center. All patients had results of polymerase chain reaction analysis of T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangement in lesional skin and in peripheral blood at time of diagnosis. Association of response to treatment with clonality in the tissue and in the blood was assessed. Results: T-cell monoclonality was detected in the skin in 30 of 94 patients, in the blood in 12 of 94 cases and the same clone was found in both tissues in 6 of 94 patients. The presence of a polyclonal T-cell population in the circulation was associated with complete response (P = .006). Lack of response to treatment (stable disease or progression of disease) was associated with T-cell clonality in skin (P = .009), in blood (P = .002) and in both tissues (P < .001). A multivariate analysis showed that T-cell monoclonality in the skin is independently associated with lack of response of mycosis fungoides to therapy. Conclusion: Blood and skin should be studied for T-cell clonality as part of the routine initial workup, even in patients with early-stage disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-126
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Blood stage
  • Clonality analysis
  • Cutaneous lymphoma
  • Prognosis
  • T-cell receptor


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