T cell-mediated modulation of mast cell function: Heterotypic adhesion-induced stimulatory or inhibitory effects

Yoseph A. Mekori*, Alon Y. Hershko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Close physical proximity between mast cells andT cells has been demonstrated in several T cell mediated inflammatory processes such as rheumatoid arthritis and sarcoidosis. How- ever, the way by which mast cells are activated in theseT cell-mediated immune responses has not been fully elucidated. We have identified and characterized a novel mast cell acti- vation pathway initiated by physical contact with activated T cells, and showed that this pathway is associated with degranulation and cytokine release. The signaling events asso- ciated with this pathway of mast cell activation have also been elucidated confirming the activation of the Ras mitogen-activated protein kinase systems. More recently, we hypoth- esized and demonstrated that mast cells may also be activated by microparticles released from activated T cells that are considered as miniature version of a cell. By extension, microparticles might affect the activity of mast cells, which are usually not in direct contact withT cells at the inflammatory site. Recent works have also focused on the effects of regu- latoryT cells (Treg) on mast cells.These reports highlighted the importance of the cytokines IL-2 and IL-9, produced by mast cells and T cells, respectively, in obtaining optimal immune suppression. Finally, physical contact, associated by OX40-OX40L engagement has been found to underlie the down-regulatory effects exerted by Treg on mast cell function.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 6
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume3
Issue numberJAN
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Heterotypic adhesion
  • Mast cells
  • Microvesicles
  • T cells

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