T cell-derived microvesicles induce mast cell production of IL-24: Relevance to inflammatory skin diseases

Irit Shefler, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Dvora Kidron, Yoseph A. Mekori*, Alon Y. Hershko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: It has recently been shown that microvesicles derived from activated T cells can stimulate human mast cells (MCs) to degranulate and release several cytokines. Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize microvesicle-induced MC expression patterns. Through identification of unique cytokine and chemokine expression, we attempted to reveal pathogenetic roles for this pathway of MC activation. Methods: T cell-derived microvesicles were labeled with PKH67 to allow visualization of their interaction with human MCs. Consequent gene expression profiling was studied by using a whole-genome microarray and analyzed for identification of cellular pathway clusters. Expression of 3 selected genes, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7 (CCL7), and IL24, was validated by means of quantitative RT-PCR and specific ELISA. IL24, which has not been recognized heretofore in MCs, was also tested for its effect on keratinocyte signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation and for its presence in MCs in psoriatic skin lesions. Results: Uptake and internalization of activated T cell-derived microvesicles into human MCs occurred within 24 hours. Microvesicles induced the upregulation of several clusters of genes, notably those that are cytokine related. Among these, IL24 appeared to be a hallmark of microvesicle-induced activation. MC-derived IL-24, in turn, activates keratinocytes in vitro, as manifested by signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation, and is produced in MCs within psoriatic lesions. Conclusion: Production of IL-24 is a unique feature of microvesicle-induced MC activation because its production by these cells has not been recognized thus far. We propose that this MC-derived cytokine might contribute to the pathologic findings in T cell-mediated skin inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224.e3
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • IL-24
  • T cells
  • mast cells
  • microvesicles


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