Radiation chimeras, generated by transplantation of SCID bone marrow into C3H/HeJ mice, show lethal susceptibility to staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), thus constituting a valid murine model for SEB shock. This SEB sensitivity is due to the ability of the irradiated host to restore residual T cell populations, since the SCID donor bone marrow is unable to generate T cells. SCID bone marrow transplanted into irradiated nude mice does not generate SEB-sensitive chimeras, as a consequence of the inability of the recipient nude mice to develop mature T cells. Thymectomy of normal recipient mice prior to bone marrow transplantation does not affect the development of susceptibility to SEB, suggesting that post-thymic, residual T cells of the host probably mediate this SEB sensitivity. In vivo depletion experiments show that CD4+ T cells are required for the SEB-triggered shock, while CD8+ cells suppress it. A further examination of the T helper subpopulations in the SEB-sensitive mice reveals a prevalence of CD4+CD45RB(dim) cells over CD4+CD45RB(bright) cells. This T helper balance was statistically significant when correlated with SEB-induced mortality. Our model provides a possible explanation for the SEB resistance of normal mice: they have a prevalence of CD4+CD45RB(dim) over CD4+ CD45RB(bright) cells.
|Number of pages
|European Journal of Immunology
|Published - 1999
- Staphylococcal enterotoxin B