Background and Purpose - The prognostic value of blood pressure (BP) levels during acute stroke has not been adequately studied. Most studies do not use continuous BP measurements, and patients are followed only for a short period. We designed a study to assess, with 24-hour BP monitoring (24H BPM), the impact of BP levels during the first day of stroke, on the short-term functional status and long-term mortality in elderly patients. Methods - We studied 177 patients with acute stroke (89 men), mean age 84±6 years. BP was measured on admission and 24H BPM was recorded within 24 hours of admission. After 7 days, patients were assessed for functional status according to the modified Rankin Scale and were subsequently followed up for mortality ≤5 years (mean, 2.07±1.48). Results - After 7 days, functional status improved and modified Rankin Scale decreased from 4.2 to 3.7. Follow-up analysis disclosed that 71 patients (27 men and 44 women) had died. Mortality rate was higher in women (50% versus 30%; P<0.01) and in patients with a history of congestive heart failure. Only average systolic BP, recorded by 24H BPM, predicted short-term functional status and long-term mortality. Cox proportional hazards model analysis demonstrated that age, sex, congestive heart failure, and average systolic BP >160 mm Hg, recorded by 24H BPM, were associated with increased mortality. Conclusions - High systolic BP recorded by 24H BPM on the first day of stroke was found to be associated with unfavorable short-term functional status and long-term mortality in elderly patients.
- Acute stroke
- Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring