The glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) is implicated in multiple cellular processes and has been linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the course of our research topic we synthesized a library of potent GSK-3 inhibitors. We utilized the urea scaffold present in the potent and highly selective GSK-3 inhibitor AR-A014418 (AstraZeneca). This moiety suits both (a) a convergent approach utilizing readily accessible building blocks and (b) a divergent approach based on a microwave heating assisted Suzuki coupling. We established a chromatography-free purification method to generate products with sufficient purity for the biological assays. The structure-activity relationship of the library provided the rationale for the synthesis of the benzothiazolylurea 66 (IC 50 = 140 nM) and the pyridylurea 62 (IC 50 = 98 nM), which displayed two to threefold enhanced activity versus the reference compound 18 (AR-A014418: IC 50 = 330 nM) in our assays.
- Alzheimer disease
- Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3)
- Microwave irradiation
- Structure-activity relationship (SAR)
- Suzuki coupling