Synergistic stimulation of luteinizing hormone (LH) release by protein kinase C activators and Ca2+-ionophore

Z. Naor, Y. Eli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When cultured pituitary cells were stimulated with synthetic diacylglycerol such as 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol (OAG), or with a potent tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), which are known stimulators of Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C), enhanced release of luteinizing hormone (LH) was observed. Similarly, LH release was also stimulated by the Ca2+-ionophore, A23187. Simultaneous presence of A23187 and OAG or TPA resulted in a synergistic response that mimicked the full physiological response to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Removal of extracellular Ca2+ only slightly affected the stimulatory action of TPA and OAG on LH release, but completely blocked the effect of GnRH. The results suggest that the stimulatory effect of GnRH on LH release may be mediated by two intracellular pathways involving Ca2+ and diacylglycerol as second messengers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-853
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume130
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Jul 1985
Externally publishedYes

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