Sustained results of robotic mitral repair in a lower volume center with extensive minimally invasive mitral repair experience

Yaron D. Barac, Rahul S. Loungani, Richard Sabulsky, Keith Carr, Brittany Zwischenberger, Donald D. Glower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The literature for robotic mitral repair is dominated by a small number of large volume institutions, and intermediate-term outcomes out to 5 years are rare. Whether and under what circumstances a lower volume institution could obtain durable outcomes is not known. A retrospective review was performed on all 133 patients undergoing robotically assisted mitral repair from 2011 to 2019 at a single institution. Mean volume of robotic mitral repair was 16 ± 7 cases per year, while mean institutional total volume of mitral repair was 116 ± 16 cases per year. Mean age was 58 ± 12 years, 77% were men, and mitral etiology was prolapse in 90%. Comorbidity was infrequent with atrial fibrillation in 20% and moderate tricuspid regurgitation in 14%. Central aortic cannulation was used in 97% with concurrent tricuspid operation in 5% and concurrent maze in 14%. Median clamp time, pump time, and length of stay were 146 min, 265 min, and 5 days, respectively, but none improved with experience. There were no deaths or stroke. At 5 years, the cumulative incidence of moderate mitral regurgitation was 18 ± 6% (prolapse patients 11 ± 5%), severe regurgitation 4 ± 3%, and mitral replacement 9 ± 5% (prolapse patients 5 ± 3%). 5-year survival was 96 ± 3%. At centers with significant mitral repair volume, a volume of 16 robotic mitral cases/year can yield good clinical outcomes durable out to 5 years. A case volume of 16 cases per year was not sufficient to improve pump time or length of stay over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Learning curve
  • Robotic cardiac surgery
  • Robotic mitral repair


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