TY - JOUR

T1 - Survival probability of a quantum particle in the presence of an absorbing surface

AU - Marchewka, A.

AU - Schuss, Z.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - We propose a formulation of an absorbing boundary for a quantum particle. The formulation is based on a Feynman-type integral over trajectories that are confined by an absorbing boundary. Trajectories that reach the absorbing wall are instantaneously terminated and their probability is discounted from the population of the surviving trajectories. This gives rise to a unidirectional absorption current at the boundary. We calculate the survival probability as a function of time. Several applications are given: the calculation of the absorption current in the slit experiment with a totally absorbing screen, the calculation of the survival probability of a particle between two totally absorbing walls, and the calculation of the survival probability and of the reflection coefficient of a Gaussian wave packet incident on a totally absorbing wall. The survival probability of a one-dimensional particle between two totally absorbing walls exhibits decay with beats.

AB - We propose a formulation of an absorbing boundary for a quantum particle. The formulation is based on a Feynman-type integral over trajectories that are confined by an absorbing boundary. Trajectories that reach the absorbing wall are instantaneously terminated and their probability is discounted from the population of the surviving trajectories. This gives rise to a unidirectional absorption current at the boundary. We calculate the survival probability as a function of time. Several applications are given: the calculation of the absorption current in the slit experiment with a totally absorbing screen, the calculation of the survival probability of a particle between two totally absorbing walls, and the calculation of the survival probability and of the reflection coefficient of a Gaussian wave packet incident on a totally absorbing wall. The survival probability of a one-dimensional particle between two totally absorbing walls exhibits decay with beats.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646203684&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.63.032108

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.63.032108

M3 - ???researchoutput.researchoutputtypes.contributiontojournal.article???

AN - SCOPUS:33646203684

SN - 1050-2947

VL - 63

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

JF - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

IS - 3

M1 - 032108

ER -