Surgical versus trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (SAVR vs TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis: Experience in a community hospital

Tomer Ziv-Baran, Richard B. Zelman, Philip Dombrowski, Amber E. Schaub, Rephael Mohr, Dan Loberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in high and intermediate risk patients with aortic stenosis. TAVR programs are spreading from large referral centers and being established in community based institutions. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of TAVR to those of SAVR in a community hospital.A historical cohort study of patients with aortic stenosis and pre-post procedure echocardiography data who underwent SAVR or TAVR in Cape Cod Hospital between January 2014 and December 2016. Patient characteristics and procedure outcomes were compared between the two procedures.The study included 230 patients, of them 111 underwent SAVR and 119 underwent TAVR. None of the patients died during the 30 days after the procedure. TAVR patients had higher rates of postoperative mild+ aortic regurgitation (AR) (29.4% vs 12.6%, P = .002), postoperative atrial ventricular blocks (11.8% vs 0.9%, P = .001), and more often need an implantation of pacemaker (16.8% vs 0.9%, P < .001). Postoperative mean gradient of SAVR patients was higher (median 14 vs 11 mm Hg, P = .001) and atrial fibrillation postoperatively was more frequent (18.9% vs 2.5%, P < .001). Length of stay after procedure was shorter in TAVR patients (median 2 vs 4 days, P < .001).After controlling for confounders, the use of TAVR was associated with an increased risk for postoperative pacemaker implantation (OR = 16.3, 95%CI 1.91-138.7, P = .011), lower mean gradient (-4.327, 95%CI -7.68 to -0.98, P = .011), and lower risk for atrial fibrillation (OR = 0.11, 95%CI 0.03-0.38, P = .001), but not with postoperative AR (OR = 0.84, 95%CI 0.22-3.13, P = .789).In conclusion, short-term mortality was not reported in SAVR or TAVR patients. However, TAVR was associated with an increased risk for postoperative pacemaker implantation but with a lower risk for atrial fibrillation. Aortic valves implanted through a trans-catheter approach are also associated with a better hemodynamic performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e17915
JournalMedicine
Volume98
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

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