Surgical treatment on infective endocarditis: impact of diabetes on mortality

Alexander Kogan*, Anat Wieder-Finesod, Jonathan Frogel, Yael Peled-Potashnik, Eilon Ram, Ehud Raanani, Leonid Sternik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a frequent co-morbidity among patients suffering from infective endocarditis (IE). The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of type 2 DM on the early-, intermediate- and long-term mortality of patients who underwent surgical treatment of endocarditis. Methods: We performed an observational cohort study in the large tertiary center in Israel during 14 years. All data of patients who underwent surgical treatment of endocarditis, performed between 2006 and 2020 were extracted from the departmental database. Patients were divided into two groups: Group I (non-diabetic patients), and Group II (diabetic patients). Results: The study population includes 420 patients. Group I (non-diabetic patients), comprise 326 patients, and Group II (diabetic patients), comprise 94 patients. Mean follow-up duration was 39.3 ± 28.1 months. Short-term, 30-day and in-hospital mortality, also intermediate-term mortality (1- and 3-year) was higher in the DM group compared with the non-DM group, but did not reach statistical significance: 11.7% vs. 7.7%. (p = 0.215); 12.8% vs. 8.3% (p = 0.285); 20.2% vs. 13.2% (p = 0.1) and 23.4% vs. 15.6% (p = 0.09) respectively. Long-term, 5-year mortality was significantly higher in the DM group, compared to the non-DM group: 30.9% vs. 16.6% (p = 0.003). Furthermore, predictors for long-term mortality included diabetes (CI 1.056–2.785, p = 0.029), as demonstrated by regression analysis. Conclusions: Diabetic patients have trend to increasing mortality at the short- and intermediate period post-surgery for IE, but this is not statistically significant. Survival of diabetic patients deteriorates after more than three years follow surgery. Diabetes is an independent predictor for long-term, 5-year mortality after surgical treatment of endocarditis, regardless of the patients age and comorbidities. Trial registration Ethical Committee of Sheba Medical Centre, Israel on 02.12.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Epidemiology
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Mortality

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