Surgical outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation with plate fixation using vicryl sutures or no plate fixation

Reut Singer, Noa Kapelushnik, Ygal Rotenstreich, Ari Leshno, Yaniv Barkana, Alon Skaat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To summarize the surgical outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation with plate fixation with vicryl absorbable sutures or no plate suturing. Methods: This study was a retrospective case series that included all glaucoma patients who underwent AGV implantation surgery with vicryl absorbable sutures for plate fixation or without plate fixation by a single surgeon between 2014 and 2019. We reviewed their medical records and retrieved clinical data on intra- and postoperative complications, best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), and number of IOP-lowering medications. Results: Twenty out of 29 eyes (29 patients, mean age 61.04 ± 27.1 years, 17 men) underwent AGV implantation without plate fixation and nine had AGV implantation with fixation with vicryl sutures. Complications were observed in 15 cases (51.7%). Nine of these were defined as failure due to the need for removal or repositioning of the AGV or for further surgery for uncontrolled IOP, of which five were no-fixation cases (5/20, 25%) and four were vicryl-fixation cases (4/9, 44.4%). Six of all surgical failures were related to AGV migration (6/9, 66.6%). There were three cases of extrusion and one case of plate migration in the no-fixation group, and two cases of plate migration and one case of extrusion in the vicryl-fixation group. Conclusion: AGV implantation without suture plate fixation or with vicryl suture fixation had a high complication and failure rate, often necessitating reoperation and AGV removal. The high rate of tube-related complications observed after both techniques does not favor either of them. The use of non-absorbable sutures for suturing of the AGV plate is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-998
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Ahmed glaucoma valve
  • aqueous shunts
  • glaucoma drainage device
  • glaucoma surgery

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