Surgical approaches to the orbit and optic nerve

Ayelet Priel, Sang Rog Oh, Don O. Kikkawa, Bobby S. Korn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In 1888, Kronlein introduced the concept of lateral orbital rim removal to access deep orbital lesions. While this approach is still employed to this day, today's aesthetically oriented orbital surgeon has a myriad of new minimally invasive techniques in their armamentarium. Orbital imaging continues to improve with more sensitive and higher resolution computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning technologies. Multidisciplinary collaborations have facilitated newer surgical approaches through the sinuses and transcranial routes. Technological advancements in the instrumentation of today's orbital surgeon have also improved in the 15 years since the last edition of this chapter. Finally, advances in anesthesia techniques have allowed more cases to be performed in an outpatient setting with less sedation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmith and Nesi's Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781461409717
ISBN (Print)9781461409700
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


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