Specific supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) classification using surface ECG is considered a challenging task, since the atrial electrical activity (AEA) waves, which are a crucial element for obtaining diagnosis, are frequently hidden. In this paper, we present a fully automated SVT classification method that embeds our recently developed hidden AEA detector in a clinically based tree scheme. The process begins with initial noise removal and QRS detection. Then, ventricular features are extracted. According to these features, an initial AEA-wave search window is defined and a single AEA-wave is detected. Using a synthetic Gaussian signal and a linear combination of 12-lead ECG signals, all AEA-waves are detected. In accord with the atrial and ventricular information found, classification to atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, atrioventricular reentry tachycardia, or sinus rhythm is performed in the framework of a clinically oriented decision tree. A study was performed to evaluate the classification from 68 patients (26 were used for the classifier's design, 42 were used for its validation). Average sensitivity of 83.21% [95% confidence interval (CI): 79.33-86.49%], average specificity of 95.80% (95% CI: 94.73-96.67%), and average accuracy of 93.29% (95% CI: 92.13-94.28%) were achieved compared to the definite diagnosis. In conclusion, the presented method may serve as a valuable decision support tool, allowing accurate detection of SVTs using noninvasive means.
- Atrial electrical activity
- cardiac arrhythmia classification
- supraventricular tachycardia