Parenteral administration of naltrexone to water-deprived female rats suppressed water intake when injected 4, but not 12 hours prior to the drinking session. Intraperitoneal injection 5 mg/kg naltrexone twice daily or oral self-administration of naltrexone in doses sufficient to block morphine-induced analgesia failed to reduce water intake or to alter body weight in non-deprived animals. These findings suggest that the suppressant effects of naltrexone on appetitive behavior are mediated by a different population of opiate receptors than those mediating morphine-induced analgesia.
- Body weight
- Water intake