Successful carboplatin desensitization in patients with proven carboplatin allergy

Ronit Confino-Cohen, Amiram Fishman, Marco Altaras, Arnon Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Carboplatin is one of the most useful and well tolerated cytotoxic drugs for gynecologic malignancies. Hypersensitivity to carboplatin is not rare among patients receiving multiple recurrent treatments with this drug. The aim of the current study was to offer a safe and convenient carboplatin desensitization strategy to patients with a proven allergic reaction to this drug. METHODS. Patients with an immediate objective allergic reaction to carboplatin were skin tested with the drug. A 6-hour carboplatin desensitization protocol was administered to the patients with a carboplatin-positive skin test on each of the following treatment courses. RESULTS. Twenty-three patients with an allergic reaction to carboplatin and a positive skin test were included in the current study. Twenty patients (86.9%) were desensitized. One patient developed a mild urticarial rash. Nineteen patients tolerated 80 desensitization courses uneventfully. CONCLUSIONS. The data presented a successful desensitization protocol for individuals with a proven allergic reaction to carboplatin. The protocol was safe and convenient and offered an effective therapeutic strategy to patients who required this drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-643
Number of pages4
JournalCancer
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Carboplatin
  • Carboplatin desensitization
  • Hypersensitivity

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