Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a highly conserved protein serine/threonine kinase ubiquitously distributed in eukaryotes as a constitutively active enzyme. Abnormally high GSK-3 activity has been implicated in several pathological disorders, including diabetes and neuron degenerative and affective disorders. This led to the hypothesis that inhibition of GSK-3 may have therapeutic benefit. Most GSK-3 inhibitors developed so far compete with ATP and often show limited specificity. Our goal is to develop inhibitors that compete with GSK-3 substrates, as this type of inhibitor is more specific and may be useful for clinical applications. We have employed computational, biochemical, and molecular analyses to gain in-depth understanding of GSK-3's substrate recognition. Here we argue that GSK-3 is a promising drug discovery target and describe the strategy and practice for developing specific substrate-competitive inhibitors of GSK-3.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics|
|State||Published - Mar 2010|
- Protein kinase
- Substrate recognition