Substance Use Disorders and Comorbid Mental Illness: A Focus on Epidemiological Data Regarding Mood and Anxiety Disorders

Shaul Lev-Ran, Daniel Feingold, Jonah Fox

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Substance use disorders (SUDs) and mental illness frequently co-occur. Cross-sectional studies indicate that mood and anxiety disorders occur at higher rates among individuals with SUDs and that increased prevalence of SUDs are found among those with mood and anxiety disorders. Specific rates of comorbidity differ depending on the specific SUD and mental illness in question. Longitudinal studies have reported mixed results regarding the temporal association between SUDs and mood and anxiety disorders. Among all mood and anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder seems to be particularly associated with the future development of SUDs. This chapter focuses on the epidemiological data regarding the comorbidity of SUDs and mood and anxiety disorders, presenting a summary of cross-sectional and longitudinal research on the topic. The authors conclude by presenting a review of etiopathogenic hypotheses concerning these comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeneral Processes and Mechanisms, Prescription Medications, Caffeine and Areca, Polydrug Misuse, Emerging Addictions and Non-Drug Addictions
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages29-39
Number of pages11
Volume3
ISBN (Electronic)9780128006771
ISBN (Print)9780128006344
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 May 2016

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Cannabis use disorders
  • Cocaine use disorders
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Mental illness
  • Mood disorders
  • Opioid use disorders
  • Substance use disorders

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