Subgingival acellular dermal matrix allograft for the treatment of gingival recession: A case report

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Abstract

Root coverage procedures using subgingival soft tissue grafts or guided tissue regeneration have attracted much interest within the past 2 decades. Recently, acellular dermal matrix allograft (ADMA) has been introduced as a substitute for palatal donor tissue in gingival augmentation procedures. This study was undertaken to examine the potential of ADMA to be used as a substitute for autogenous connective tissue graft material in a root coverage procedure in a case with moderate gingival recession combined with reduced keratinized attached gingiva. After thorough root planing and conditioning of the root surface with a saturated solution of tetracycline-HCl, a trapezoidal mucoperiosteal flap was raised and the papillae were de-epithelialized. The exposed bone surrounding the exposed root surface was perforated with a No. 2 round drill, and the exposed root and surrounding bone were covered by ADMA. The allograft was stabilized by 5-0 vicryl sutures. The flap was coronally positioned to completely cover the ADMA. Healing was uneventful. Eight-month observations and measurements showed root coverage of more than 3.5 mm (>80%), a gingival margin that was harmonious with the neighboring teeth, and an increase of the zone of keratinized attached gingiva, from 1 to 3 mm. Within the limitations of these clinical observations, it is suggested that ADMA may be a possible substitute to free autogenous connective tissue grafts and/or bioabsorbable barrier membranes. Further clinical and histological studies are necessary to understand the healing process of this surgical wound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1124
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume70
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Gingival recession/surgery
  • Grafts, connective tissue
  • Grafts, gingival
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Membranes, barrier
  • Membranes, resorbable
  • Tooth root/surgery

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