Single particle trajectories are investigated assuming the coexistence of two subdiffusive processes: diffusion on a fractal structure modeling spatial constraints on motion and heavy-tailed continuous time random walks representing energetic or chemical traps. The particles' mean squared displacement is found to depend on the way the mean is taken: temporal averaging over single-particle trajectories differs from averaging over an ensemble of particles. This is shown to stem from subordinating an ergodic anomalous process to a nonergodic one. The result is easily generalized to the subordination of any other ergodic process (i.e., fractional Brownian motion) to a nonergodic one. For certain parameters the ergodic diffusion on the underlying fractal structure dominates the transport yet displaying ergodicity breaking and aging.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 4 Jan 2010|