We study constant input delay compensation by using finite-dimensional observer-based controllers in the case of the 1D heat equation. We consider Neumann actuation with nonlocal measurement and employ modal decomposition with $N+1$ modes in the observer. We introduce a chain of $M$ sub-predictors that leads to a closed-loop ODE system coupled with infinite-dimensional tail. Given an input delay $r$ , we present LMI stability conditions for finding $M$ and $N$ and the resulting exponential decay rate and prove that the LMIs are always feasible for any $r$. We also consider a classical observer-based predictor and show that the corresponding LMI stability conditions are feasible for any $r$ provided $N$ is large enough. A numerical example demonstrates that the classical predictor leads to a lower-dimensional observer. However, it is known to be hard for implementation due to the distributed input signal.
- Distributed parameter systems
- observer-based control