Studies on synaptic vesicles in mammalian brain characterization of highly purified synaptic vesicles from bovine cerebral cortex

Nava Zisapel, Neomi Zurgil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Synaptic vesicles have been isolated from bovine cerebral cortex by sequential differential and density gradient centrifugations followed by chromatography on a Sepharose 6B column. We have studied the morphology, enzymatic markers, neurotransmitter and ATP contents and protein composition of the vesicles. The specific contents of acetylcholine, γ-aminobutyric acid, aspartate, glutamate and catecholamines were 4-8-fold higher in the vesicle fraction compared to the crude synaptosomal pellet. Electron micrographs of the vesicle preparation showed enrichment of vesicular material with an average diameter of 50 nm. The purity of the preparation was assessed by the very low activities of enzymatic markers of cellular membranes and cytosol components. Some CaMg-activated ATPase activity was detected in the vesicle preparations, but its content relative to the neurotransmitters fell on chromatography, suggesting that this activity may be partially contributed by non-synaptic vesicle components, such as small microsomes. The isolated synaptic vesicles were solubilized with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate and subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The major Coomassie blue stained bands observed with apparent molecular weights of 160,000 and 55,000 were enriched in parallel to the increase in purity of the preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Research
Volume178
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Dec 1979

Keywords

  • synaptic vesicles in mammalian brain

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