Structure-function conservation between the methyltransferases SETD3 and SETD6

Lee Admoni-Elisha, Elina Abaev-Schneiderman, Ofir Cohn, Guy Shapira, Noam Shomron, Michal Feldman, Dan Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Among the protein lysine methyltransferases family members, it appears that SETD6 is highly similar and closely related to SETD3. The two methyltransferases show high similarity in their structure, which raised the hypothesis that they share cellular functions. Using a proteomic screen, we identified 52 shared interacting-proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis of the shared proteins revealed significant enrichment of proteins involved in transcription. Our RNA-seq data of SETD6 KO and SETD3 KO HeLa cells identified ∼100 up-regulated and down-regulated shared genes. We have also identified a substantial number of genes that changed dramatically in the double KO cells but did not significantly change in the single KO cells. GO analysis of these genes revealed enrichment of apoptotic genes. Accordingly, we show that the double KO cells displayed high apoptotic levels, suggesting that SETD6 and SETD3 inhibit apoptosis. Collectively, our data strongly suggest a functional link between SETD6 and SETD3 in the regulation of apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimie
Volume200
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Methyltransferases
  • SETD3
  • SETD6

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