Structure and energy transfer in photosystems of oxygenic photosynthesis

Nathan Nelson, Wolfgang Junge

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Oxygenic photosynthesis is the principal converter of sunlight into chemical energy on Earth. Cyanobacteria and plants provide the oxygen, food, fuel, fibers, and platform chemicals for life on Earth. The conversion of solar energy into chemical energy is catalyzed by two multisubunit membrane protein complexes, photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII). Light is absorbed by the pigment cofactors, and excitation energy is transferred among the antennae pigments and converted into chemical energy at very high efficiency. Oxygenic photosynthesis has existed for more than three billion years, during which its molecular machinery was perfected to minimize wasteful reactions. Light excitation transfer and singlet trapping won over fluorescence, radiation-less decay, and triplet formation. Photosynthetic reaction centers operate in organisms ranging from bacteria to higher plants. They are all evolutionarily linked. The crystal structure determination of photosynthetic protein complexes sheds light on the various partial reactions and explains how they are protected against wasteful pathways and why their function is robust. This review discusses the efficiency of photosynthetic solar energy conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-683
Number of pages25
JournalAnnual Review of Biochemistry
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2015


  • Chloroplasts
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Electron transfer
  • Light harvesting
  • Membrane complexes
  • Photosynthesis
  • Structure


Dive into the research topics of 'Structure and energy transfer in photosystems of oxygenic photosynthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this