Trans-activator (tat) proteins are necessary components for the completion of the T replication cycle of lentiviruses. The three-dimensional structure of the equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) tat protein (e-tat) was studied with CD spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, and restrained molecular-dynamics calculations. No stable elements of regular secondary structure were detected, but the sequence regions responsible for nucleic acid binding showed helix-forming tendency. e-tat exhibits a flexible tertiary structure, and only the amino acids comprising the core sequence region form a well-defined tertiary fold. The three-dimensional structure allows discussion of biochemical data as well as data from molecular biological investigations of lentiviral tat proteins .
- Equine infectious anemia virus
- Human immunodeficiency virus
- Trans-activator (tat) protein