Structural and optical characteristics of filtered vacuum arc deposited N:TiOx thin films

E. Cetinorgu-Goldenberg, L. Burstein, I. Chayun-Zucker, R. Avni, R. L. Boxman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nitrogen doped titanium oxide (N:TiOx) thin films were deposited using filtered vacuum arc deposition. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the TiO2 thin films deposited in a pure oxygen environment indicated that films were polycrystalline in the anatase phase, while films deposited in an atmosphere in which the N2 fraction was greater than 9% were amorphous, for substrate temperatures up to 500 C. Annealing at 400 C in N 2 for 1 h generated polycrystalline films with anatase phase, independent of %N2 during deposition. Film surface roughness increased from 0.5 up to 3.2 nm when the substrate temperature was increased from room temperature to 500 C for films deposited in a 41%N2. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicated that all films deposited in pure oxygen were stoichiometric TiO2. N content in the films increased with %N2 in the deposition atmosphere, however the N-content in the film, 1-5 at.% N, was much less than that in the gas mixture (9-69%N 2). Annealing decreased the N-content in these films to < 1 at.%. In addition, the data revealed that all N:TiOx films had two main N 1s components, at 396-397 eV and at 399-400 eV, associated with substitutional and interstitial nitrogen, respectively. Transmission data indicated that the average transmission of films deposited at lower N2 partial pressures (< 41%) was approximately 80%, and it decreased to ~ 50% for higher %N 2. The absorption edge of the films shifted to longer wavelengths with increased substrate temperature and %N2, from ~ 380 nm up to ~ 485 nm for films deposited with 41%N2 and a substrate temperature of 500 C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume537
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Filtered vacuum arc deposition (FVAD)
  • Microstructure
  • Optical properties
  • Titanium oxide

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