Structural Analysis of Integrin Recognition and the Inhibition of Integrin-Mediated Cell Functions by Novel Nonpeptidic Surrogates of the Arg-Gly-Asp Sequence

Noam Greenspoon, Rami Hershkoviz, Ronen Alon, David Varon, Boris Shenkman, Gerard Marx, Silvina Federman, Galina Kapustina, Ofer Lider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The pivotal role of the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide motif in integrin-mediated cell adhesive interactions with extracellular matrix and plasma proteins stimulated the present design of nonpeptidic mimetics of this sequence. To probe the structural requirements for RGD recognition by integrins, we designed various structural mimetics of the tripeptide sequence, which consist of differentially spaced guanidinium and carboxylic groups. We now report that structures which contain guanidinium and carboxylic groups separated by an 11-carbon atom backbone mimic the distal configuration of functional RGD sequence. These compounds acquire a considerable affinity for the RGD-dependent platelet αIIbβ3 integrin. As a result, these mimetics specifically inhibited platelet aggregation with an IC50 at the submillimolar range and interfered with RGD-dependent adhesion of CD4+ T-lymphocytes and metastatic tumor cells to immobilized fibronectin and vitronectin. A structural mimetic of the Arg-Gly-Glu (RGE) sequence, and structures with incorrect spacing between the functional groups, failed to inhibit these adhesive interactions. Furthermore, substitution of the guanidinium group by a primary amine abrogated the RGD-mediated biological effects. In vivo, an RGD surrogate effectively inhibited the elicitation of a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction mediated by CD4+ T-cells, while the RGE mimetic did not. This interference suggests for a central role for RGD recognition in the regulation of immune responses. These proteolytically stable RGD mimetics may thus serve as useful therapeutic agents in versatile pathologic processes which depend on RGD recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1008
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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