Stromal Cell-Mediated Stimulation of Osteoclastogenesis

Nirupama Shevde, Pervin Anklesaria, Joel S. Greenberger, Ilan Bleiberg, Julie Glowacki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the bone marrow microenvironment, stromal cells or their products are known to regulate proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize stroma-mediated effects of differentiation-inducing factors on osteoclastogenesis in defined murine cultures. Hematopoietic progenitors (derived from long-term bone marrow cultures, LTBMCs) were cocultured with cloned stromal cell lines to demonstrate the indirect effects of various differentiation-inducing factors. Osteoclastogenesis was compared in three murine marrow systems (whole bone marrow, progenitors cultured alone, and cocultures of progenitors with stromal cell lines) by analysis of multinuclearity and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity. The cultures were treated for two weeks with murine recombinant GM-CSF (5 U/ml), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (10-8M), or parathyroid hormone (PTH, 10-8M). In whole bone marrow cultures, osteoclast differentiation was stimulated by GM-CSF, PTH and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. With progenitors alone, only GM-CSF promoted osteoclastogenesis. Each agent stimulated osteoclastogenesis in cocultures of progenitors with a stromal cell line (GBLneor). Thus, the coculture system is a partially defined model for whole bone marrow cultures. In contrast, progenitors that were cocultured with a stromal cell line derived from an osteopetrotic op/op mouse failed to differentiate in the presence of PTH or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. These results indicate that stimulation of osteoclastogenesis by PTH or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 is mediated indirectly through factors present in normal marrow stromal cells and that an osteopetrotic stromal cell line failed to support differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-315
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1994
Externally publishedYes


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