Stressful Integration

Oded Stark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper cofdensiders the integration of economies as a merger of populations. The premise is that the merger of groups of people alters their social landscape and their comparators. The paper identifies the effect of the merger on aggregate distress. A merger is shown to increase aggregate distress, measured as aggregate relative deprivation: the social distress of a merged population is greater than the sum of the social distress of the constituent populations when apart. Physiological evidence from neighboring disciplines points to an increase in societal stress upon merger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Economic Review
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Aggregate relative deprivation
  • Merger of populations
  • Revision of social space
  • Societal distress


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