Stress reactions of school-age children to the bombardment by scud missiles: A 1-year follow-up

Joseph Schwarzwald, Matisyohu Weisenberg, Zahava Solomon, Mark Waysman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Follow-up long-term stress effects to bombardment by scud missiles were restudied 1 year following the Persian Gulf war in a group of 326 6th, 8th, and 11th grade children from areas hit and not hit by the missiles. Postwar stress reactions were assessed by a continuous global symptom score (Frederick and Pynoos, 1988) and by a dichotomous PTSD index. Overall, a large drop in stress reactions was obtained with lapse of time. Residual long-term stress reactions were found to be associated with higher immediate (4-week) stress reactions, a greater degree of exposure, and younger age. Results were discussed in relation to residual and evaporation of stress reaction effects as well as in terms of childhood resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-667
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children
  • long-term effects
  • missiles
  • post-traumatic reactions
  • war

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