Stress fractures: Diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment

Gideon Mann*, Iftach Hetsroni, Naama Constantini, Eran Dolev, Ezequiel Palmanovich, Alex Finsterbush, Eran Keltz, Omer Mei-Dan, Iris Eshed, Niv Marom, Eugene Kots, Meir Nyska

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The diagnosis of stress fractures is based on clinical assessment and on imaging modalities. Simple radiography (X-rays), scintigraphy (bone scan), and computerized tomography (CT) are widely used, though today magnetic resonance (MRI) is accepted as the more safe and accurate diagnostic tool. Differential diagnosis may include a variety of pathologic conditions, as tumors, infections, metabolic diseases, or normal growth variations. Treatment is essentially conservative and may include relative rest, various modalities as external support, shock waves (SW), low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPU), and occasionally surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSports Injuries
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9783642365690
ISBN (Print)9783642365683
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


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