Strategies used by hospital nurses to cope with a national crisis: A manager's perspective

Tova Hendel, M. Fish, S. Aboudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article explores the anxiety level of, and coping strategies used by, hospital nurses, during a national state of emergency. The study was guided by a stress and coping framework, developed by Lazarus & Folkman, and was conducted at a large teaching hospital, located in the centre of Israel, during the Iraqi crisis in January and February, 1998. Data were collected from a sample of 100 female nurses, and a descriptive correlational design was used. The findings indicated that ≈ 33% of the nurses expressed feelings of stress, tension and a sense of discomfort. The dominant coping strategy used by the nurses was direct-active, which was found to be the most effective strategy. As they were unable to remove or control the stressor, stress management intervention by nursing managers focused mainly on communicating with staff and providing social support - informational and emotional - to buffer the stressful experience. Providing support and help in finding practical solutions is important for maintaining emotional stability of staff, thereby helping them to improve their nursing interventions in assisting people to cope with stressful situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-231
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Nursing Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2000


  • Anxiety
  • Coping Strategies
  • National Crisis Nursing Care


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