Strategies of Animal Exploitation in Late Iron Age IIA Ḥorvat Tevet (the Jezreel Valley) Reveal Patterns of Royal Economy in Early Monarchic Israel

Abra Spiciarich*, Omer Sergi, Karen Covello-Paran, Yoav Tsur, Hannes Bezzel, Lidar Sapir-Hen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Faunal remains from Ḥorvat Tevet, a site located in the rural hinterlands of the Jezreel Valley, reveal patterns of a complex redistributive apparatus during the Late Iron IIA. This paper assesses a large assemblage of animal bones within inter- and intra-site comparative analyses. Inter-site comparisons to contemporary sites in the northern valleys of Israel demonstrate that the agricultural production of grain and animal by-products at Ḥorvat Tevet is unprecedented and went far beyond the site’s local needs. Further, an intra-site comparison reveals a hierarchical distinction in the consumption patterns between elites and the labour force. These results further reinforce the conclusion that the late Iron IIA Ḥorvat Tevet was an administrative centre of a royal Israelite estate in the Jezreel Valley.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPalestine Exploration Quarterly
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Gerda Henkel FoundationAZ 20/F/19

    Keywords

    • Agricultural Labour
    • Animal Economy
    • Consumer-Producers
    • Iron Age II
    • Jezreel Valley
    • Monarchic Israel
    • Social Hierarchy
    • Zooarchaeology

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