## Abstract

This paper proposes an effective and asymptotically optimal framework for stochastic, adaptive codebook regeneration for sequential ('on the fly') lossy coding of continuous alphabet sources. Earlier work has shown that the rate-distortion bound can be asymptotically achieved for discrete alphabet sources, by a 'natural type selection' (NTS) algorithm. At each iteration n, a maximum-likelihood framework is used to estimate the reproduction distribution most likely to generate the empirical types of a sequence of K length-l codewords that respectively 'd-match' (i.e., are within distortion d from) a sequence of K length-\ell source words. The reproduction distribution estimated at iteration n is used to regenerate the codebook for iteration n+1. The sequence of reproduction distributions was shown to converge, asymptotically in K, n, and \ell, to the optimal distribution that achieves the rate-distortion bound for discrete alphabet sources. This work generalizes the NTS framework to handle sources over more general (e.g., continuous) alphabet spaces, which often preclude a natural interpretation of the concept of 'type'. We show, for continuous alphabet sources and fixed block length \ell, that as K\rightarrow \infty and n \rightarrow \infty, the sequence of estimated reproduction distributions converges, in the weak convergence sense, to a distribution that achieves the rate-distortion bound, albeit for an auxiliary distortion measure introduced as subterfuge to effectively impose a maximum distortion constraint over K blocks. Leveraging this result, we establish that the sequence of reproduction distributions converges, asymptotically in \ell, to the optimal codebook reproduction distribution Q^{\ast} that achieves the rate-distortion bound, with respect to the original distortion measure.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2021 - Proceedings |

Publisher | Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. |

Pages | 2768-2773 |

Number of pages | 6 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781538682098 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 12 Jul 2021 |

Event | 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2021 - Virtual, Melbourne, Australia Duration: 12 Jul 2021 → 20 Jul 2021 |

### Publication series

Name | IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings |
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Volume | 2021-July |

ISSN (Print) | 2157-8095 |

### Conference

Conference | 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2021 |
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Country/Territory | Australia |

City | Virtual, Melbourne |

Period | 12/07/21 → 20/07/21 |

### Funding

Funders | Funder number |
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National Science Foundation | CCF-1909423 |

Bonfils-Stanton Foundation | 2018690 |