Stimulation of creatine kinase activity in rat organs by human growth hormone in vivo and in vitro

A. Golander, I. Binderman, A. M. Kaye, A. Nimrod, D. Sömjen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intraperitoneal injection of human GH (hGH) (4 μg/g BW) into 21-day-old rats causes, 24 h later, an increase in creatine kinase (CK) specific activity in kidney (1.7-fold), liver (1.6-fold), and in epiphyseal cartilage (1.8-fold). Similar stimulation was obtained when tissue explants were incubated for 24 h with hGH (1 μg/ml); CK activity rose 1.8-fold in kidney, 1.9-fold in the liver, and 2.6-fold in epiphyseal cartilage. Highly significant stimulation of CK specific activity was obtained in these same organs in hypophysectomized rats. The increase in CK specific activity in the kidney, to some extent in the liver, but not in the epiphyseal cartilage, was also obtained on in vivo treatment with either human placental lactogen or ovine PRL. Stimulation of CK in these three organs by hGH is followed by a parallel increase in DNA synthesis. Dexamethasone, which was also found to increase CK activity in rat kidney and liver, did not affect the increase of CK by hGH in the kidney, stimulated the effect of hGH in the liver, and partially inhibited the effect of hGH in the epiphyseal cartilage. Diethylaminoethyl cellulose chromatography revealed that the basal and induced activity of CK in all cases was due to the brain type isozyme. On the basis of this evidence for a direct effect of hGH on CK brain type activity, we suggest that its stimulation is potentially a convenient and sensitive assay for biological activity of GH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1966-1970
Number of pages5
JournalEndocrinology
Volume118
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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