Stimulating ethical awareness during training

Henry Abramovitch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper argues for a preventative approach to ethical violations through developing and maintaining ethical awareness in training and in the group life of each society. Rather than teaching ethics as a theoretical subject, a method is proposed that encourages direct personal confrontation with ethical dilemmas through the consideration of key examples, in the Talmudic manner. This develops ethical 'muscles' and allows candidates to explore the dilemmas of what Primo Levi called the 'grey zone' where the boundaries between good and bad are unclear. Several illustrations of such ethical dilemmas are described, as used in workshops that the author has run in several societies and developing groups. In this way, ethical awareness becomes part of the group life of the society so that analysts become an ethical resource for each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-461
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Analytical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • 'grey zone'
  • Boundary violations
  • Ethics
  • Talmudic approach
  • Training


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