Steroid-based treatments for patients with total sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Gabriel Nakache, Lela Migirov, Sharon Trommer, Michael Drendel, Michael Wolf, Yael Henkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Conclusions: In patients with total sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), oral prednisone (OP) alone or intratympanic dexamethasone (ITD) alone have comparable results. The addition of salvage ITD following OP does not seem to add over either single modality treatment. Objectives: To study the effect of steroid-based treatments in patients with total SSNHL. Methods: The medical charts of 59 patients with total loss of hearing, defined as pure tone thresholds in the profound range (> 90 dB) with an unobtainable speech reception threshold (SRT) that were treated with OP (n = 20), ITD (n = 13), or OP followed by salvage ITD (n = 26) were analyzed. Response to treatment was evaluated by means of pure tone thresholds, SRT, and speech discrimination score (SDS), immediately after treatment and on a follow-up visit. Results: Forty-nine patients (83%) responded to treatment, with mean significant improvements of 36, 34, 31, and 25 dB at 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz, respectively. The mean improvement in SRT was 33 dB, and SDS improved by 32%. There were no differences in improvement in pure tone thresholds and SRT among the three treatment groups. The late effect of OP was similar to the effect of salvage ITD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-913
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume135
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Intratympanic dexamethasone
  • Oral prednisone
  • Profound hearing loss
  • Speech discrimination score
  • Speech reception thresholds (SRT)
  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • Total hearing loss

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Steroid-based treatments for patients with total sudden sensorineural hearing loss'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this