A computational study ab initio of the conformational dependence of proton affinities of 2-methoxyethoxide (MEO), dimethoxyethane (DME), and 1,4- dioxane has been carried out at the MP2/6-31+G* level of theory. The results were discussed in comparison with reference systems, from simple alkoxides and ethers to anomeric moieties, in open, cyclic, and bicyclic molecules. The COCCOC species are stronger bases than the COCOC (anomeric) ones and approach regular ethers in their strength. The gauche forms in MEO and DME are altogether stronger bases than the anti forms, and anti (equatorial) protonation is preferred over gauche (axial), unless ditopic protonation is possible, like in aga-DME or cis-tetraoxadecalin. The gauche effect plays a significant role in the formation, relative stability, and reactivity of the charged species.