Stationary states of Bose-Einstein condensates in single- and multi-well trapping potentials

R. D'Agosta*, B. A. Malomed, Carlo Presilla

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The stationary solutions of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation can be divided in two classes: those which reduce, in the limit of vanishing nonlinearity, to the eigenfunctions of the associated Schödinger equation and those which do not have linear counterpart. Analytical and numerical results support an existence condition for the solutions of the first class in terms of the ratio between their proper frequency and the corresponding linear eigenvalue. For one-dimensional confined systems, we show that solutions without linear counterpart do exist in presence of a multiwell external potential. These solutions, which in the limit of strong nonlinearity have the form of chains of dark or bright solitons located near the extrema of the potential, represent macroscopically excited states of a Bose-Einstein condensate and are in principle experimentally observable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalLaser Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Stationary states of Bose-Einstein condensates in single- and multi-well trapping potentials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this