Statins and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are associated with longer survival in nursing home residents

Agata Schlesinger, Avraham Weiss, Olga Nenaydenko, Nira Koren-Morag, Abraham Adunsky, Yichayaou Beloosesky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Statins and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have beneficial effects on health outcomes in the general population. Their effect on survival in debilitated nursing home residents is unknown. Objectives: To assess the relationships between statins, SSRIs, and survival of nursing home residents. Methods: Baseline patient characteristics, including chronic medications, were recorded. The association of 5-year survival with different variables was analyzed. A sub-group analysis of survival was performed according to baseline treatment with statins and/or SSRIs. Results: The study comprised 993 residents from 6 nursing homes. Of them, 285 were males (29%), 750 (75%) were fully dependent, and 243 (25%) were mobile demented. Mean age was 85 ± 7.6 years (range 65-108). After 5 years follow-up, the mortality rate was 81%. Analysis by sub-groups showed longer survival among older adults treated with only statins (hazard ratio [HR] for death 0.68, 95% confidence intervals [95%CI] 0.49-0.94) or only SSRIs (HR 0.6, 95%CI 0.45-0.81), with the longest survival among those taking both statins and SSRIs (HR 0.41, 95%CI 0.25-0.67), and shortest among residents not taking statins or SSRIs [P < 0.001). The survival benefit remained significant after adjusting for age and after conducting a multivariate analysis adjusted for sex, functional status, body mass index, mini-mental state examination, feeding status, arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and hemato-oncological diagnosis. Conclusion: Treatment with statins and/or SSRIs at baseline was associated with longer survival in debilitated nursing home residents and should not be deprived from these patients, if medically indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-723
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume21
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Geriatric
  • Nursing home
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Statins
  • Survival

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