Star counts from the HST snapshot survey. II. Wide binaries

Andrew Gould, John N. Bahcall, Dan Maoz, Brian Yanny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report on a study of the first sample of wide binaries whose members are primarily in the old component of the Galactic disk. The binaries were discovered in 446 fields imaged with the Hubble Space Telescope Planetary Camera to an average magnitude limit of V = 21.3, as part of the Snapshot Survey for gravitational lenses. Most of the fields are at moderate to high Galactic latitude. Their total area is 0.15 deg2. Because of the relatively faint magnitude limit, the observations are sensitive primarily to binaries in the old disk with heights above the Galactic plane of 500-1500 pc, absolute magnitudes of Mv = 6-11, and physical separations of 130-4000 AU. By contrast, most previous surveys have been sensitive to binaries composed of earlier-type stars lying closer to the plane, that is, to a younger population. We find that 4% of the disk stars in the Snapshot sample have fainter companions within 1.5 mag, and separations in the range 0″.13 < θ < 4″.0. The distribution of angular separations can be fitted to a power law f(θ) ∝ θ-t, where ℓ = 1.2 ± 0.4, in agreement with most previous studies. The binaries in the Snapshot sample have bluer colors than would be expected for random pairs of field stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-208
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume441
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 1995

Keywords

  • Binaries: spectroscopic
  • Binaries: visual
  • Galaxy: stellar content
  • Stars: statistics

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