Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of specific allergens varies by geographic area, population, age and sex. The objective of the present study was to determine the relative frequency of positive reactions to different sensitizers in Israeli patients with clinically suspected contact dermatitis (CD) and to identify possible sex and age differences. A total of 943 consecutive patients were tested for CD using the European standard patch test series. The most frequent allergen was nickel sulfate followed by potassium dichromate and fragrance mix. Positive reactions to nickel sulfate were more common among women, especially those in the younger age group (younger than 40 years). Positive reactions to balsam of Peru were more common among men, especially those in the older age group (40 years or older). This study presents the result of the standard patch test in Israel with stratification according to age and sex. The findings of the present study, combined with reports on geographic/population differences in the prevalence of specific allergens in CD, indicate the need for further investigations to identify prominent local allergens for better adaptation of the standard patch test to local needs.
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Standard patch test