Stable multiple vortices in collisionally inhomogeneous attractive Bose-Einstein condensates

J. B. Sudharsan, R. Radha, H. Fabrelli, A. Gammal, Boris A. Malomed

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We study the stability of solitary vortices in a two-dimensional trapped Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with a spatially localized region of self-attraction. Solving the respective Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and running direct simulations of the underlying Gross-Pitaevskii equation reveals that vortices with a topological charge up to S=6 (at least) are stable above a critical value of the chemical potential (i.e., below a critical number of atoms, which sharply increases with S). The largest nonlinearity-localization radius admitting stabilization of higher-order vortices is estimated analytically and accurately identified in numerical form. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of a setting which gives rise to stable higher-order vortices, S>1, in a trapped self-attractive BEC. The same setting may be realized in nonlinear optics too.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053601
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 3 Nov 2015


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