Stabilization of two-dimensional solitons and vortices against supercritical collapse by lattice potentials

R. Driben*, B. A. Malomed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is known that optical-lattice (OL) potentials can stabilize solitons and solitary vortices against the critical collapse, generated by cubic attractive nonlinearity in the 2D geometry. We demonstrate that OLs can also stabilize various species of fundamental and vortical solitons against the supercritical collapse, driven by the double-attractive cubic-quintic nonlinearity (however, solitons remain unstable in the case of the pure quintic nonlinearity). Two types of OLs are considered, producing similar results: the 2D Kronig-Penney "checkerboard", and the sinusoidal potential. Soliton families are obtained by means of a variational approximation, and as numerical solutions. The stability of all families, which include fundamental and multi-humped solitons, vortices of oblique and straight types, vortices built of quadrupoles, and supervortices, strictly obeys the Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion. The model applies to optical media and BEC in "pancake" traps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Physical Journal D
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

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